Acai – Characteristics and Active Principles
The acai is the fruit that grows on the acai palm, a tree of the palm family, which produces small round dark purple fruits. This fruit comes from the amazon rainforest and its constituents are: oleic, palmitic, palmitoleic and cianidric acids, lignin, niacin, proteins, vegetal fat, fructose, glucose, sucrose, calcium, magnesium, crude fibers, sodium, potassium, iron, copper, zinc, phosphorus, vitamin B1, vitamin E, vitamin C and anthocyanins.
Due to its many nutrients, which can satisfy almost all needs of the human body, acai is currently referred to as super food.
The acai action is essentially antioxidant, mainly due to the presence of anthocyanins, responsible for the anti-inflammatory effect, and also because it improves the lipid profile (increases good cholesterol and lowers bad).
Acai is a well known medicinal plant that, beyond its antioxidant action, has vasodilator, anti-inflammatory, tonic, energetic effect, and its internal use is mainly indicated for preventing cardiac diseases and strokes. It is also used externally, generally in cosmetic products.